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JJG1044- 2008《卡尔·费休库仑法微量水分测定仪》检定规程解读

                                                                                                                                                □ 王乐新 王云

     KAER·FEIXIUKULUNFAWEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUCEDINGSHIYOU、HUAGONG、QINGGONG、DIANLI、YIYAO、NONGYAO、HUANBAO、DIZHI、SHIPINDENGXINGYECHANPINZHONGDESHUIFENHANLIANG。YOUYUJINNIANGEDANWEIDUICHANPINZHILIANGDEZHONGSHI,DUIGAIZHONGYIQIDEYINGYONGZHUNIANZENGJIA,YINCIZHIDINGGAIZHONGYIQIDEJIANDINGGUICHENGJIUXIANDEYOUWEIPOQIEHEZHONGYAO。JINGGUONULI,JJG1044-2008《KAER·FEIXIUKULUNFAWEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYI》JIANDINGGUICHENGYU2008NIAN9YUE27RIJINGGUOJIAZHIJIANZONGJUPIZHUNFABU,BINGZI2009NIAN1YUE1RIQISHIXING。

       GUICHENGFABUSHISHIHOU,QUANGUODEZIXUNDIANHUABUSHAO。YOUYUGAIZHONGYIQICAOZUOJIAOWEIJIANDAN,GUICHENGZHONGDEJIANDINGFANGFABIJIAOXIANGXI,YINCIZIXUNYIQIJIANDINGFANGFADEJIAOSHAO, ERZIXUNBIAOZHUNWUZHIXIANGGUANWENTIDEJIAODUO。ZAIXIEGAIGUICHENGSHI,YIQICEDINGDIHANSHUILIANGZHIDEJIANDING,XUYAOYOUGUOJIABIAOZHUNWUZHIDEZHICHENG,DANGSHIGUOJIAJILIANGYUANYIYOUSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHI,SHUIHANLIANGWEI1mg/g,DANSHIYOUYUSHENGCHANLIANGHENSHAO,JINGCHANGMAIBUDAO。WODANWEIXIANZAIZHENGZAIYANZHIHESHENBAOSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHI, DANZHEIXUYAOYIGEBIJIAOZHANGDEGUOCHENG。BIAOZHUNSHUIRONGYEMAIBUDAO,DANJIANDINGSHUIFENCEDINGYIYOUBIXUYOUSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNRONGYECAIXING,ZENMEBAN? MUQIANZHUANGKUANGXIA,ZHINENGZIJIPEIZHI。ZAIKONGZHIHAOBUQUEDINGDUDEQIANTIXIA,SHIKEYIZIJIPEIZHISHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNRONGYEDE。XIAMIANJIUGUICHENGQICAOZHONGSUOYUDAODEYIXIEWENTIHEXIANGFA、GUICHENGDESHIYONGFANWEI、ZAIYIQIJIANDINGZHONGDEZHUYISHIXIANGHEBIAOZHUNWUZHIDEPEIZHIFANGFADENGZUORUXIASHUOMING。

一、关于规程的名称及适用范围的说明

天天存送彩金彩票GUANYUGUICHENGDEMINGCHENG,WEISHENMEBUCHENGZHIWEI《WEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYI》JIANDINGGUICHENG, ERBIXUXIANDINGZAIKAER·FEIXIUKULUNFAWEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYIDEFANWEI?JULEJIE,WEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYIDEZHONGLEIMUQIANANFENXIFANGFADAZHIFENWEIHONGGANFASHUIFENCEDINGYI、DIANZU(DIANDAO)FASHUIFENCEDINGYI、KAER·FEIXIUTIJI(DIDING)FASHUIFENCEDINGYI、KAER·FEIXIUKULUNFASHUIFENCEDINGYISIDALEI。QIANLIANGZHONGYIYOUGUOJIAJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENG,CICIBIANXIEGUICHENGKAISHIXIANGBAKASHITIJI(DIDING)FAHEKASHIKULUNFADOUXIERUGUICHENG,DANHOULAIFAXIANKASHIDIDINGFADEYIQIZHONGLEIJIAODUO,JISHUZHIBIAOCHABIEYOUTAIDA,ZHIYOUJINKOUDESHUZIDIDINGSHIYIQIHEKULUNFAYIQIJISHUZHIBIAOJIEJIN。BIZHEZAIDUONIANDEYIQIJIANXIAOGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIAN,GUOCHANSHUZITIJI(DIDING)SHISHUIFENYIYOUYUJINGMIJIAGONGJISHUJIAOCHA,HUOSHICAILIAONAIMOXINGJIAOCHADENGYUANYIN,YIQICHUCHANGSHIJISHUZHIBIAOHAIKEYI,DANSHIYONGJINIANHOU,YOUYUMOSUN、MIFENGJISHUJIAOCHAHUOJIXIECHUANDONGHUICHAJIAODA,JISHUZHIBIAOXIAJIANGHENDUO,BATAMENXIANDINGZAIYIGEGUICHENGZHONG,JIANGHUIZAOCHENGHENDUOYIQIBUHEGE。CIWAI,KASHISHOUDONGTIJI(DIDING)SHISHUIFENCEDINGYICELIANGFANWEIZHAI、ZHUNQUEDUDI,RUOYAOTUOKUANCELIANGFANWEI、TIGAOZHUNQUEDU,ZHENDUIBUTONGDEJIANDINGJIUBIXUPEIZHIBUTONGDIDINGDUDEDIDINGYEDUOZHONG,DANDUIDIDINGYEDEBUQUEDINGDUJINXINGFENXIYOUCHENGWENTI, BINGQIEDIDINGYEBUYICUNFANG,DIDINGDURONGYIGAIBIAN。SUOYI,ZUIHOUMEIYOUBA“TIJI(DIDING)SHIWEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYI”XIERUGUICHENGZHONG。ER“SHUZITIJI(DIDING)SHIWEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYI”KEYICANZHAOBENGUICHENGZHIXING(JISHUZHIBIAOXIANGJIN)。

    二、规程的试验情况

ZAIGUICHENGQICAOGUOCHENGZHONG, WOMENTONGGUOHESHENGCHANCHANGJIAHEZUODEFANGSHI, DUIKAER·FEIXIUKULUNFAWEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYIJINXINGLEDALIANGDESHIJIJIANCE,WEIBIANXIEGUICHENGJILEILEDIYISHOUJISHUSHUJU。WEILIANGSHUIFENCEDINGYIDEXIAOZHUNGONGZUOZAIWOYUANYIKAIZHANDUONIAN,GUOQUWOMENZAISHUIFENYIDEJIANCEZHONG,DADUOCAIYONGXIANGDUISHIZHIWUCHAFANGSHI。ZAIGUICHENGBIANXIECHUQIYEXIANGCAIYONGXIANGDUISHIZHIWUCHADECELIANGFANGSHI,DANWOYUANXIAOZHUNGUIFANYAOQIUXIAOZHUNDESHUIFENHANLIANGJIAODA,ZAI(500~5000)μgFANWEINEI,YONGCHUNSHUICELIANGYIQIDEXIANGDUISHIZHIWUCHASHIKEXINGDE。DANSHISHUIFENZAI500μgYIXIAFANWEIDECELIANG,ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONGSHIZUIDUODE,ZHEIGEFANWEINEIDEZHUNQUEYUFOUSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,ZHEIYESHIBIANXIEGUOJIAJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENGDEZHUYAOMUDE。YINCI,GUICHENGZHONGBIXUBAOHANJIWEILIANGSHUIFENDUAN。DANGSHUIFENWEI10μg

SHI,ZAIJINCHUNSHUIYIJINGBUXINGLE,JISHIJINSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNRONGYE,QIYIQIDEXIANGDUISHIZHIWUCHAYETAIDA,DADAO30%YISHANG,WOMENBASHIZHIWUCHA30%YISHANGDEYIQIPANDINGWEIHEGEXIANRANSHIBUHESHIDE。NEIME,SHIFOUKEJIANG10μgDIANDINGWEIJUEDUIWUCHA,QITAJIANDINGDIANDINGWEIXIANGDUIWUCHA? SHIZHIWUCHAPINGDINGBIAOZHUNJIBUTONGYI,BUQUEDINGDUFENXIYOUBUHAOPINGDING,ZUIHOUHAISHIJIANGSHIZHIWUCHATONGYICAIYONG±(5%JIANDINGDIAN+3)μgLAIPINGDING, ZHEIYEFUHEYIQICELIANGFANWEINEIDEWUCHAXIANXINGFENBUTEXING。

    三、测量为何不取范围而取检定点

天天存送彩金彩票ZAIQITAGUICHENGZHONGDADUOQUJIANDINGCELIANGFANWEIERBUSHIJIANDINGDIAN。QIEQUCELIANGFANWEIDEGUICHENG,JIANDINGYONGBIAOZHUNWUZHIDEHANLIANGDADUOSHIBULIANXUDE,ERSHUIFENCEDINGYIDESHUIHANLIANGJIANDINGYONGBIAOZHUNWUZHISHILIANXUDE。ZHEIJIURONGYIDUITONGYITAIYIQIDAILAIBUTONGDEPINGJIAJIEGUO。BIRUYOUYITAIZAI10μgDIANBUHEGE,DANZAI100μgDIANQUEHEGEDEYIQI,DANGBASHIZHIWUCHADINGWEI(10~100)μgCESHUIFANWEISHI,JINYANGJIEJIN10μgDIANSHIPANDINGYIQIWEIBUHEGE;DANGJINYANGJIEJIN100μgDIANSHIPANDINGYIQIWEIHEGE,TONGYIFANWEI,TONGYITAIYIQIQUEYOUYUCELIANGFANGSHIBUTONGYIERDAILAIBUTONGDEPINGJIAJIEGUO,BUHAOJIEDING。XUANZEJIANDINGDIANWUCHAJIUCHANSHENGZAIZHEIGEDIANSHANG,ZHEIYANGJIAOKEXUE,BUHUIYINCELIANGFANGFABUTONGERDAOZHIYIQIHEGEHUOBUHEGEDEBUTONGJIEGUO,YINCI,ZUIHOUHAISHIQUEDINGYONGJIANDINGDIANLAIJIANDINGYIQIDESHIZHIWUCHA。

    四、标准物质为何选取甲醇-水

天天存送彩金彩票SUIYOUXUDUOSHUIHANLIANGBIAOZHUNWUZHI, DANJJG1044-2008CAIYONGSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHIZUOWEIJIANDINGYONGBIAOZHUNWUZHI。WEIHEBUCAIQUQITAGUTIBIAOWUHEYETIBIAOWUNI? ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIGUTIWUZHIQUYANG、CHENGYANG、JINYANGGUOCHENGJIAOZHANG,BAOLUZAIKONGQIZHONGYIGAIBIANSHUIFENHANLIANG,JINYANGSHIHAIXUDAKAIDIANJIECHI,ZHISHIDIANJIECHIZHONGJINRUHANSHUIDEKONGQIERYINGXIANGCELIANGJIEGUO,QITARONGYEBIAOWUYOUYUNEIHANWUCHENGFENBUTONGKENENGYUDIANJIEYEFASHENGFANYING,ERSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHIZHONG,JIACHUNSHIDIANJIEYEDEZUCHENGBUFEN,SHUISHIBEICEBIAOWU,YOUYUCEDASHUILIANGZHISHIZHIJIEJINCHUNSHUI,ZHIYOUZAIWEISHUILIANGZHISHICAIJINSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHI,ZHEIYANGBIAOZHUNWUZHIBUZHIYUYINGXIANGDIANJIEYEDEPEIBIJILINGPINGHENGDIAN。SUOYI,CAIYONGSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHI。

    五、检定项目的设立及意义

1.SHIZHIWUCHA:JIANDINGYIQISHUIHANLIANGCELIANGJIEGUOSHIFOUZHUNQUE。

2.CELIANGZHONGFUXING:JIANDINGYIQIZAICELIANGXIANGTONGSHUIHANLIANGWUZHISHIDEZAIXIANXING。

3.DIANJIESUDU:JIANDINGYIQIDEFENXIXIAOLV。

天天存送彩金彩票4.LINGDIANPINGHENGSHIJIAN:JIANDINGYIQIMIFENGSHIFOUWANHAO、DIANJISHIFOUWURAN、DIANJIEYESHIFOUGUOQI、FANGDADIANLUSHIFOUWENDINGDENG。

5.JUEYUANDIANZU:JIANDINGYIQIDEANQUANXINGNENG。

6.JUEYUANQIANGDU:JIANDINGYIQIDEANQUANXINGNENG。

天天存送彩金彩票7.XIELOUDIANLIU:JIANDINGYIQIDEANQUANXINGNENG。

    六、检定中应注意的事项

WOMENZAIRICHANGJIANDINGZHONGFAXIAN,YONGCHENGZHONGJINYANGFAJIANDINGYIQIBIYONGTIJIJINYANGFACELIANGWUCHAYAOXIAO,DANJIAOWEIMAFAN。RUGUOJIANDINGYIQIHETIANPINGSHIJIAOJINHAIKEYI,DANRUGUOJIAOYUAN,JIANDINGJIUJIBUFANGBIAN。ERYONGTIJIJINYANGFAJIANDINGYIQIZAIDABUFENQINGKUANGXIASHIKEXINGDE(JINYANGQIWUCHAJIAODASHI、RENWEIJINYANGWUCHAJIAODASHIZEBUXING),DANGYIQIYONGTIJIJINYANGFAJIANDINGWEIHEGESHI,KEYIPANWEIHEGE。DANGYIQIJIANDINGWEIBUHEGESHI,ZAIJIANGYIQIBANDAOTIANPINGSHIFUJINJINXINGCHENGZHONGJINYANGLAIZUIZHONGPANDINGYIQISHIFOUHEGE。CIWAI,GUICHENGZHONGYOUYICHULURUXINGCUOWU,JIDIANJIESUDUDEJILIANGXINGNENGYAOQIUYINGWEI10min,YUGUICHENGFULUCHEDZHONGDEDIANJIESUDUDEJISHUYAOQIUXIANGYIZHI。

    七、水-甲醇标准溶液的配制

天天存送彩金彩票RUHEPEIZHISHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNRONGYE? XIEGUICHENGSHI,WEILEKAOXIANGYIYOUDESHUIBIAOZHUNWUZHI, ERCAIYONGDE1mg/gSHUI-JIACHUNBIAOZHUNWUZHI,1mg/gSHUIBIAOZHUNWUZHINENGYONG, DANBINGBUSHIJIANDINGSHUIFENCEDINGYIDEZUIJIAPEIBI,YINSHUIHANLIANGTAIDIJIYIXISHOUKONGQIZHONGDESHUIFEN,ERYINGXIANGCELIANGJIEGUO。ZUIJIAPEIBIWEI10mg/mL(HUO10mg/g)ZUOYOU。XIANDUIPEIZHIFANGFAJIZHUYISHIXIANGZUOJIAOWEIXIANGXIDESHUOMING。SUOXUSHEBEI:TIANPING:SHIWANFENZHIYI;TIJIDIDINGFASHUIFENCEDINGYI:JIANCEHEGE;JIACHUN:SEPUCHUN(YEXIANGSEPUYIYONGJIKE,ZUIHAOSHIXINDE,HANSHUILIANGDI);RONGLIANGPING:AJIHEGE;WEILIANGJINYANGQI:JIANCEHEGE。

天天存送彩金彩票(1)SHOUXIANBIXUPEIZHIJIAODADELIANG,YINWEIJIACHUNYIXISHUI,JIACHUNLIANGSHAOXISHOUKONGQIZHONGDESHUIFENZHANBIJIAODA;BENDICELIANGSHISHUIFENHANLIANGBIANHUAJIAODA; CHENGLIANGTIANJIASHUIFENWUCHAJIAODA。RONGLIANGPINGZHISHAOYINGZAI100mLYISHANG。

(2)XUANQUSEPUCHUNJIACHUN,DAORUYIZHIZHONGLIANGDERONGLIANGPINGZHONG,YAOYUN。CHOUQU500μLZUOYOUJIACHUNCHENGZHONGHOUJINYANGDAOYIPINGHENGHAODETIJIDIDINGFASHUIFENCEDINGYIZHONG,ZAICHENGZHONG。LIANXUJINYANG6CI,SUANCHUJIACHUNZHONGDEBENDIHANSHUILIANG,CHENGLIANGZHUANGJIACHUNDERONGLIANGPINGZHONGLIANG,SUANCHUJIACHUNLIANG,ZAISUANCHUYINGTIANJIADECHUNSHUILIANG,YONGSHIYIDEJINYANGQICHOUSHUIZAITIANPINGCHENGLIANGHOUTIANJIA,DEDAO10mg/gDESHUI-JIACHUNRONGYE。

(3)XUANQUSEPUCHUNJIACHUN,DAORURONGLIANGPINGZHONG,YAOYUN。CHOUQU500μLZUOYOUJIACHUNCHENGZHONGHOUJINYANGDAOYIPINGHENGHAODETIJIDIDINGFASHUIFENCEDINGYIZHONG,ZAICHENGZHONG。LIANXUJINYANG6CI,SUANCHUJIACHUNZHONGDEBENDIHANSHUILIANG,ZAISUANCHUYINGTIANJIADECHUNSHUILIANG, JIANGCHUNSHUIZHURUZHUANGJIACHUNDERONGLIANGPINGZHONG,ZAIZHURUJIACHUNZHIKEXIAN,DEDAO10mg/mLDESHUI-JIACHUNRONGYE。

天天存送彩金彩票YISHANGLIANGZHONGPEIZHIFANGFA,QIANYIZHONGYINGXIANGYINSUJIAOXIAO,ZHIYUTIANPINGHETIJIDIDINGFASHUIFENCEDINGYIDEWUCHAYOUGUAN,HEJINYANGQI、RONGLIANGPINGWUGUAN,BUQUEDINGDUJIAOXIAO,ZHEIYESHIWOMENYINGYONGBIJIAOHAODEFANGFA。QUEDIANSHIPEIZHILIANGJIAOSHAO,SHOUKONGQIZHONGSHUIFENDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,ZUIHAOZAITIANQIGANZAOSHIPEIZHI。PEIZHICHENGZHILIANGBI,TIJIJINYANGSHIBIXUCHENGYI0.792MIDUXISHU, DANGRANYEKEYIYONG0.792MIDUXISHUHUANSUANPEIZHICHENG10mg/mLDESHUI-JIACHUNRONGYE,ZHEIZAITIJIJINYANGSHIJIAOWEIFANGBIAN。ZAIPEIZHIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUANZETIJIDIDINGFASHUIFENCEDINGYIDEYUANYINSHIYINWEICEDINGJIACHUNDEBENDIHANSHUILIANGSHI,BIXUJIADAJINYANGLIANG(YOUSHIXUJINmLJIDEJIACHUN)CAINENGZHUNQUECECHUBENDISHUIHANLIANG,ERKULUNFASHUIFENYIZAIDAJILIANGJIARUJIACHUNSHI,DIANJIEYEPEIBIFASHENGJIAODAGAIBIAN,RONGYIZAOCHENGCEDINGKAISHISHIDELINGDIANHECEDINGHOUDELINGDIANBUTONG,WUCHAYUECEYUEDA。ERTIJIDIDINGFASHUIFENCEDINGYIKAISHIDIDINGSHIYONGDEJIUSHICHUNJIACHUN,JIADAJINYANGLIANGYEBUHUICHUXIANCELIANGWUCHAZENGDADEQINGKUANG。YONGSHANGSHUFANGFACEDINGJIACHUNBENDISHUIFENSHI,DANGWENDINGCEDEYIGEZHISHI,YINGDANGZAIJIADAJINYANGLIANGCELIANG,YIYANZHENGBENDISHUIFENDECELIANGSHIFOUZHUNQUE;DANGJINGJISUANTIANJIASHUIFENHOUZAIJINXINGFANCE,TONGYANGKEYIYANZHENGYIQIDESHIZHIWUCHA,ZHEIZAIYIHOUDEBUQUEDINGDUJISUANZHONGYONGDAO。JINGDUIBUQUEDINGDUDEJISUAN,JIEGUOMANZUGUICHENG(U=1.4,k=2)DEYAOQIU。

ZUOZHEDANWEI【SHANDONGSHENGJILIANGKEXUEYANJIUYUAN】


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